Khajuraho is situated at 24°51N 79°56E/24.85°N 79.93°E in the state of Madhya Pradesh in the heart of India. It is a village almost 385 miles south-east from Delhi, the Indian Capital. This village is eminent for its abundance of medieval Hindu and Jain temples that explicitly depict erogenous sculptures. The temples are telling evidences of the beauty of Hindu architecture in the medieval times. Made of sandstone and constructed in a spire style, most of the temples are dedicated to the three Hindu Gods namely, Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar. Some of them are however dedicated to the Hindu Goddesses or Devis and few are dedicated to Jainism.
Being the main attraction of Khajuraho, the temples enclose shikharas or spires that surround the entire premises. The shikharas follow a north-Indian style and a panchyatna style as well. The designs and sculptures are so finely elaborate and poised that almost 200 years were taken for the architects to create them. The temples vary in mainly three groups or types, belonging to three different genres such as, eastern group of temples, western group of temples, and southern group of temples. Let’s take a look at the three groups in detail:
1. Parsvanath Temple- it’s the largest eastern-type temple and the most elaborate one as well. Parsvanath is a Jain temple, where sculptures of their first tirthankara; known as Adinath, is carved along with the day-to-day lifestyle of the people of that era.
2. Ghantai Temple- this Jain temple depicts a Jain goddess and the dreams of the Jain Guru – Mahavira in beautiful sculptures.
3. Hanuman Temple- this temple houses a huge statute of Hanuman, and an ancient inscription dating back to the 10th century A.D. this temple has attracted the attention of archaeologists for its remains and its ancientness.
This group includes the most elaborate temples such as,
* The Lakshmana Temple
* The Matangesvara Temple
* The Varaha Temple
* The Kandariya Mahadeo temples
* The Chitragupta Temple
* The Jagadambi Temple and
* The Visvanatha Temple
Southern group of temples are the most distant temples of Khajuraho. The two most eminent temples of this group are:
* The Dulaldeo Temple and
* The Chaturbhuja Temple